Art through History!

Byzantine:

1. It lasted from the 4th century B.C to the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. It originated in the Byzantine Empire.

2. Byzantine are included many icon paintings and small scale art. It was also very abstract and anti-naturalistic. It was very heavy with symbols and did not have to realistic at all.

3. Pietro Cavallini: Tommaso Piroli, The Crucifixion, after Pietro Cavallini, 1825

Andrea Di Orcagna: Andrea Sabbatini (Andrea da Salerno), Two Saints, 16th century

Theophanes the Greek: Dormition of the Virgin Mary (1392)

Baroque:

1. 16th to 18th century. Roman Catholic Church’s domain.

2. Baroque is differs in the handling of paint, composition, space, and movement.

3. Peter Paul Rubens: Luxembourg Palace

Josefa de Óbidos: Still-life

Bernini: Ecstasy of St. Teresa.

Impressionism:

1. 1830-1930. Paris

2. Impressionist art often includes visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, the inclusion ofmovement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.

3. Alfred Sisley, Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Girl with a Hoop

Art Deco:

1. 1925-1940s. It originated in france.

2. It was a mixture of Neoclassical, Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism, Art Nouveau, and Futurism. Used  materials such as aluminum, stainless steel, and lacquer.

3. Tamara de Lempicka; The Musician

Chrysler Airflow; Chrysler design guys

Nash Ambassador; Nash ambassador people

Futurism:

1. Italy, 20th century.

2.  Futurism includes speed, technology, youth and violence, the car, the airplane and the industrial city. All these were examples of mans victory over nature.

3. Giacomo Balla, Abstract Speed + Sound, 1913-1914

Umberto Boccioni, The City Rises (1910)

Natalia Goncharova, Cyclist, 1913

Gothic:

1. Medieval art movement. Originated in france.

2. Very typographical, sculptures and  often had a spatial and naturalistic feel.

3. Bust of Cicero by Jörg Syrlin the Elder

Man of Sorrows Hans Multscher (1429)

Benedetto Antelami,Citole, 1180

Neoclassical:

1. 18th-19th century. Europe

2. Drew heavily on ancient Greek and Roman styles.

3. Antonio Canova’s Psyche Revived by Love’s Kiss

Jacques-Louis David Oath of the Horatii

Henry Fuseli, Kriemhild and Gunther

Expressionism:

1. 20th century, Germany

2. Its purpose was to express show the meaning of living life. Above all the expressionist artist wanted to express themselves in their art.

3. Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele

View of Toledo by El Greco

Die großen blauen Pferde by Franz Marc

Cubism:

1. Started in the 20th century in Europe.

2. Cubism usually involves the breaking up of an object, which is then analyzed and put back together in a bizarre and strange abstract form.

3. Georges Braque, Woman with a Guitar

Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste

Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso.

Abstract Expressionism:

1. It was started in post-World War 2 America.

2. It had no concrete style. The only unifying themes of the art were that the art was highly rebellious and  idiosyncratic and even considered anarchic.

3. Jane Frank, Crags and Crevices

Jackson Pollock, No. 5

Franz Kline, Painting Number 2,

Renaissance:

1. It was a style of painting that developed in Italy during the 15th to mid 16th century.

2. Often involved religious figures. Most art was commissioned by the Catholic Church.  Very large works, many of which were frescoes.

3. The Battle of San Romano by Paolo Uccello

The Lamentation by Giotto

The Triumph of Death by Orcagna

Romanticism:

1. Originated in Western Europe during the second half of the 18th century.

2. The art movement was in part a sort of rebellion against the aristocracy of the Age of Enlightenment. It stressed emotions as source of visual experience.

3. Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer above the Sea of Fog

Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808

Eugène Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People

Art Nouveau:

1. Started in France, lasted from 1890-1905.

2. It emphasized form and function, and that everything should involve art.

3. Church of St. Elisabeth in Bratislava, by Ödön Lechner.

Louis Comfort Tiffany’s window Education

The Peaock Skirt, by Aubrey Beardsley

Surrealism:

1. Started during the early 1920s.  It has it roots in France. More specifically Paris.

2. Surrealism involves exposing the psychological parts of an object by removing the familiar parts to make a thought provoking image.

3. The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dalí.

L’Ange du Foyeur ou le Triomphe du Surréalisme (1937) by Max Ernst.

Yves Tanguy Indefinite Divisibility

Pop Art:

1. Pop art has was started that during the mid 1950s in Britain.

2. Pop art draws heavily from pop culture. It relies heavily on advertisement, graphic novels, and other culture objects. Logos and labels are very common in pop art.

3. Richard Hamilton. Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing?

Andy Warhol, Campbell’s Tomato Juice Box

Roy Lichtenstein’s Drowning Girl

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